Seven Steps to Legal, Emotional and Physical Preparation – This book stands alone as an introduction to the context of self-defence. There are seven elements that must be addressed to bring self-defence training to something approaching complete. Any training that dismisses any of these areas leaves you vulnerable.

1. Legal and ethical implications. A student learning self-defense must learn force law. Otherwise it is possible to train to go to prison. Side by side with the legal rules, every student must explore his or her own ethical limitations. Most do not really know where this ethical line lies within them.

2. Violence dynamics. Self-defence must teach how attacks happen. Students must be able to recognize an attack before it happens and know what kind they are facing. Understanding attack rituals and the criminal mind-set is something we teach regularly here at the HT School.

3. Avoidance. Students need to learn and practice not fighting. Learning includes escape and evasion, verbal de-escalation, and also pure-not-be there avoidance.

4. Counter-ambush. If the student didn’t see the precursors or couldn’t successfully avoid the encounter, he or she will need a handful of actions trained to reflex level for a sudden violent attack.

5. Breaking the freeze. Freezing is almost universal in a sudden attack. Students must learn to recognize a freeze and break out of one.

6. The fight itself. Most martial arts and self-defence instructors concentrate their time right here. What is taught just needs to be in line with how violence happens in the world.

7. The aftermath. There are potential legal, psychological and medical effects of engaging in violence no matter how justified. Advanced preparation is critical. Any teacher or student of self-defence, anyone interested in self-defence and any person who desires a deeper understanding of violence needs to read this book. Highly recommended.